Addiction says “more!”
Grace says “Enough.”
Addiction says “more!”
Grace says “Enough.”
Cultivate self-awareness of your strengths, and your weakness will surprise you.
Cultivate self-awareness of your weaknesses, and your strength will surprise you.
12-step recovery meetings often involve sharing by members about their ‘experience, strength and hope’; that is, their a) experience in addiction, b) strength in recovery, and c) hope for the future. It naturally lends to a temporal framework of past, present, and future. We remember the insanity of our addictive acting out, we communicate the practical things we did, which we keep on doing, to get better, and we look forward to how things can continue to get better.
I want to focus on the present dimension for this post. For a long time, I have often been suspicious of a ‘live in the present’ type language and focus. ‘Be here now’, or ‘just be’ were phrases and concepts that annoyed me. I valued the tradition, history and wisdom of the past; and I had a clear focus on working, aiming and striving for the future goal. But I was weak on the present.
I’ve come to see that, in addition to these healthy appreciations for the past and future, I need a generous awareness of the value of the present moment. The crucial point is this: The present moment is the only one I can truly act and live in.
I used to ache over the past, and I think I tried to change it in really unhealthy ways; like the dishonesty of extremely minimized confessions to various people, which gave me a deluded feeling of having dealt with it. Also (and this is just crazy) I can recall many times, when I was incredibly tempted and on the verge of acting out, that I would rationalize to myself by saying “Go ahead and do it now, and you can change later. One more time won’t matter that much.” And that right there is a perfectly awful example of how I was emptied of my power to act in the present. I self-sabotaged my ability for self control.
The serenity prayer can be read in this light as well.
God, grant me the serenity to accept the past and the future.
courage to live in the present moment of now.
and wisdom to know that’s all I can do.
This reminds me of Titus 2:11-14 where we can see [at least on the surface of the text, and more clearly I’m sure if I knew Greek verb tenses!] the same past, present and future framework:
11For the grace of God has appeared [past] that offers [present] salvation to all people. 12It teaches [present] us to say “No” [present] to ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live [present] self-controlled, upright and godly lives in this present age, 13while we wait [present] for the blessed hope—the [future] appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, 14who gave himself [past] for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are [present] his very own, eager to do [present] what is good.
According to Father Martin, Bill Wilson, the famed founder of twelve step recovery, reportedly summarised the twelve steps in the following six words, which divide the steps into three fundamental phases:
It occurs to me that Grace is the God-given power that enables all three of these phases.
Grace empowers us to Trust God.
In Ephesians 2:8-10, Paul uses the word ‘faith’ (pistis) as the word for trusting God, and notes that it is a ‘gift of God’ rather than ‘from yourselves’. That’s what Grace does.
Grace empowers us to Clean House.
In Titus 2:11-14, Paul speaks of the multifaceted and diverse operations of Grace. It “offers salvation to all people”, “teaches us to say ‘No’ to ungodliness and worldly passions [I think this includes addictions!], and to live self-controlled, upright and godly lives”, and the immediately following context implies that it helps “redeem us from all wickedness” and purifies people. All of these are about cleaning house. That’s what Grace does.
Grace empowers us to Help Others.
In 1 Corinthians 15:9-10, Paul credits his apostolic status and ministry to the Grace of God. His ability to preach, teach and disciple is Grace-empowered. The message of Grace is powered by Grace. “I worked harder than them all – yet not I, but the Grace of God that was with me.” Grace helps Paul – and us – help others. That’s what Grace does.
As Bill Wilson writes in the AA Big Book, “resentment is the number one offender”. When I really began to grasp how much of a hold resentment had previously had on me (and still can!), I began to wonder why I hadn’t heard about it as much in church as I had in recovery fellowships. What do we make of this?
First, let’s remind ourselves what Resentment is. As the saying goes, “Holding on to resentment is like drinking poison and hoping that the other person dies.” To hold on to a resentment, grievance, complaint, grudge or issue against another person is to hold on to a rattlesnake by the tail, as it bites you over and over again. Why do we hold on to resentment so strongly? We like to feel the pride of having been wronged. You see it in between – or in! – the lines of countless narratives where person ‘A’ documents, recalls, or makes passing reference to group/workplace/church/family/person ‘B’ did something to them. The subtext is often, ‘Poor me. Poor innocent me, having to endure the senseless actions of ‘B’…”
Make no mistake. The AA Big Book does not suggest that people to not wrong us. They do! People ignore us, pull out in front of us, shame us, exclude us, injure us, etc. They really do. The point is that when we hold on to resentment, we keep re-injuring ourselves. Not only that, we miss out on (or avoid, or distract ourselves from) seeing any part we played in our misfortunes, even if they were minor compared to the others’ actions.
This brings us, second, to the negative relationship that Resentment has with Repentance. 12 Step Recovery, as the Serenity Prayer reminds us, teaches us again and again, to forget the things (most of all people!) we ‘cannot change’, and focus on the things (and the only person!) we ‘can’. We must ‘clean our side of the street’, and stop pointing the finger at others, however wrong they are or were. The only question that will actually change anyone, is “What did I do wrong?” “But they were awful! They hurt me!” “Yes, but what could I have done differently?”
It turns out that this is a huge theme in Christian Scripture, even if the language may be different. We could say at the ‘justice’ level of “eye for an eye”, resulting in everyone trying to make things ‘fair’ by injuring others just as they’ve been injured. ‘Injure thy neighbour as they have injured you…’ How awful! But Scripture takes us forward to ‘mercy’ and ‘grace’. We ‘write off’ others wrongs, as God writes ours off. Grace does not mean being naive or passive. Grace does not mean that we let others keep harming us. Grace does not mean we stay in the group, marriage, workplace, church, partnership, club, etc. But grace means letting go of resentment. And letting go of resentment means letting go of my sense of my ‘right’ to be angry at them. And once I’ve let go of my anger at the other, maybe, just maybe, I can have the sanity and clarity to focus on what I can, and maybe need to, change about me. Maybe I’ll be able to repent.
For a Christian who comes to the point of facing the reality of addiction, and thus the need for participation in an addiction programme, one of the most troubling barriers to cross is not just identifying as an ‘addict’ (“I’m not a sinner, I’m a saint! How can I call myself an addict?”), but the inherent challenge to their Christian faith. (“Was I really a Christian?” or “Did Christianity not work… for me? Does it work at all!!??”)
If we lay aside for the moment the question of the veracity of Christian faith, and if we assume that there is a baby (authentic Christian faith and obedience) worth holding on to after dispensing with the dirty bathwater (distorted beliefs and lazy obedience), I think there is a theme in Paul’s letter to the Romans that is helpful for us. Our ‘religion’ was powerless.
In Romans, Paul portrays ‘Sin’ as a power lurking throughout the created order, wreaking particular havoc on human nature. In chapter 7 he describes this as the “Law of Sin at work within my members“. He also describes ‘Law’ (the Jewish/Mosaic Law or ‘Torah’) as a holy, just and good thing, but which Sin co-opted in order to actually get stronger. Law, it seems, only helps us to see and identify sin all the more clearly, and thus only strengthens our sin-consciousness. Sin ‘abounds’ as a result. Here we can define ‘religion’ as human attempts to fix our sin problem. They just don’t work. Paul goes on to describe this kind of ‘religion’ as a second kind of ‘law’: the “Law of my mind“, which delights in God’s law, but is powerless to change him. He even says that the ‘Law’ was powerless to do what was needed. Despite the mind being a ‘slave’ of God’s law, the result was still that he was a ‘slave’ of the law of sin in his members. Law only heaps on shame, and fuels judgement – both of self and of others. It simply cannot heal. For freedom to come, a third kind of ‘law’ was needed: the “Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus“. This ‘law’ is the only thing more powerful (“a Power greater than ourselves” step 2 says) than the deadly combination of the deceit of Sin, a body vulnerable to desire, and a righteous code fueling judgement. Only the Spirit of Grace can restore, heal and forgive what is broken.
So, for me, we need not see any problem with the true Gospel of God’s generous Grace. We can stand with Paul and see that ‘Christianity-as-we-distorted-it’ was powerless to heal us. We needed the kind of ‘non-religious’ spirituality advocated by both Scripture and the 12 steps.
Twelve step spirituality is, as they say, a “programme of action”. Although clear, humble thinking, and understanding awareness of emotions is important, an essential aspect of recovery is “doing the next right thing” whatever we think or feel. Christians, especially those in the vein of Luther and his criticism of ‘works righteousness’, can struggle with this aspect of ‘working your programme’.
On the one hand, I want to affirm where this concern is coming from, and the best of this theological tradition. If ‘working’ was all we had, then we really would be hopeless. In the language of the twelve steps, all ‘God’ language would be screened out, and recovery would be entirely our work. We would have to restore ourselves to sanity, hand ourselves over to our own care, bear the weight of our own inventories, identify and remove our own defects of character, be the agent and audience of our own prayer and meditations. Recovery would be up to us entirely. That, of course, is neither Christianity nor twelve step spirituality. Both heartily affirm – in their own ways – that God “does for us what we were unable to do for ourselves”. Christian faith focuses this upon the person and work of Jesus Christ, making possible a new identity and a new life.
On the other hand, I need to point out that I and other Christian addicts have struggled in the throes of addiction whilst also holding sincerely to all of this wonderful Christian theology. The only assessment I can come to is that my theology wasn’t the problem, it was my obedience. If a sailor does not do the absolutely necessary work of hoisting the sails of obedience, his ship will receive zero benefit and momentum from the abundant and free gusts of wind. So it is with recovery and Christian discipleship. The good news is that we don’t have to use oars to travel. We get wind and direction absolutely free as a gift. But the hard reality is that we have to hoist the sails of prayer, meditation, reading, confession/honesty, service, etc. in order to get anywhere.
Or as Augustine said it: Without God, we cannot; but without us God will not.